Hospitals in the lowest quartile of safety scores from Oct 1, 2014 to Nov 30, 2015 were recently penalized 1% of Medicare billings as detailed on the Medicare.gov web site. The above graphic highlights the results in terms of the number of hospitals penalized per million medicare enrollees in each state. Red indicates the most hospitals penalized and green indicates the least with the lighter shades in between.
New York had many hospitals penalized but Alaska only had a few. However, Alaska does not look very good considering they don’t have very many Medicare enrolees (or other people for that matter). So a patient’s chance of experiencing safety problems is higher in Alaska. This reflects poorly on the State-wide hospital quality programs and the importance hospitals in that state place on quality. If you live in a state with poor performing hospitals then be especially careful to pick hospitals with the best scores. KHN.org lists the poor performing hospitals.
The four Medicare safety measures were somewhat limited and heavily focused on surgery:
- The AHRQ Patient Safety Indicator (PSI 90 Composite)
- Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)
- Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI)
- Surgical Site Infection (SSI) – colon and hysterectomy
What should be done?
- Patients should avoid hospitals with lower scores
- Poor performing hospitals should make better use of state quality resources. Spend more money on boosting quality than on remodeling or building new facilities.
- High performing hospitals should redouble safety efforts. Improved performance by competitors could push complacent hospitals toward lower ratings.
- Hospitals should not just focus efforts on the few areas that are rated — overall safe care and quality care are the goals. The basis for financial penalties could, and very likely will, change.